Do I Have Anaphylaxis? Symptoms And Causes Of Anaphylaxis

Allergies are a very common occurrence, with up to a quarter of the world’s population suffering from this condition. Most people who tend to suffer from severe allergic reactions can suffer from a life threatening emergency known as anaphylaxis. The recognition of symptoms and prompt response of taking the patient to an allergy clinic by peers and family members can make all the difference between life and death.

Here is a brief informative guide on what exactly is anaphylaxis? What are the symptoms you should look out for? What can cause such a severe life threatening condition? And how to respond efficiently.

What Is Anaphylaxis?

Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening and potentially fatal condition in those who suffer from allergies with little to no control on symptoms, and suffer from severe allergic attacks. It can occur within seconds to minutes of exposure to a potential allergen, such as fur, pollen or any other harmful chemicals.

When exposed to a potential allergen, the patient’s immune system releases massive amounts of histamine all across the body that causes your system to enter a state of shock- lowering of the blood pressure, a fast beating heart, inability to breathe due to narrowing of the airways. Some patients also develop a peculiar rash, along with signs of nausea and vomiting.

Symptoms Of Anaphylaxis

As mentioned before, symptoms can rapidly develop within minutes after the exposure to the inciting agent. Sometimes, it may take a few hours for symptoms to develop. Owing to the sensitivity of the condition, both the patient and the family members must keep an eye out for any development of the following symptoms:

  • Lowering of the blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Inability to breathe, due to narrowing of the airways
  • If you see the patient having difficulty in breathing, take a quick look inside the oral cavity for possible swelling and redness of the tongue and throat.
  • Whistle like sounds as the patient tries to catch their breath (wheezing in particular for asthma patients)
  • A rapid or weak pulse
  • A possible skin reaction after exposure to the allergen, in the form of hives, itching or merely flushing
  • Nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
  • Loss of consciousness in severe cases

Causes Of Anaphylaxis

In normal physiology, the immune system tends to produce a series of antibodies and chemicals that help the body to combat the negative effects of a foreign inciting agent.  This is a perfectly normal protective mechanism if the foreign substance is actually harmful.

In people who suffer from severe allergic reactions, the immune system tends to exhibit an exaggerated response to the allergens. The protective mechanism suddenly becomes life threatening.

If you suffer from moderate to severe allergies, your general physician might have made you undergo an allergic testing system that identifies potential allergens and foods that you must avoid.

In children, the most common allergens that can induce an anaphylactic shock are food allergies to tree nuts, peanuts, shellfish and milk.

In adults, apart from the food allergies, mentioned above, possible triggers include certain medications such as over the counter medicines, aspirin and antibiotics to name a few(Intravenous as well as oral drugs). Another very common cause of anaphylaxis are stings from bees, wasps, yellow jackets, ants and hornets. Other less common causes include exposure to latex and snake bites with possible exposure to venom.

Other less known inciting triggers may be as mundane as cold and hot weathers or aerobic exercise. Yes, studies have found a correlation with the occurrence of anaphylaxis and exercising. Asthma sufferers should take deep precautions when exercising outside or going for a stroll.

How To Respond?

As part of the ACLS protocol, the first thing to do is keep the patient safe and call an ambulance. If you’re a commoner, just check if the patient breathing and the heartbeat is audible.

Anaphylaxis cannot be managed at home, and should be treated at a proper facility with monitoring. A simple shot of epinephrine is all that can make the difference between life and death.

So here we go folks! Do follow these tips to know how to respond in a situation like this. If you suffer from allergies, I highly recommend getting an allergen test done from the best allergist Manassas, because prevention is always better than cure.

How can dog allergic people make their flights easy?

If you are allergic to dogs, chances are that you may have a difficult time on a flight with a pet. Nowadays, more and more people are flying on plane with their pets. According to a recent survey, more than 53% of the travelers tend to take their pets along with them on road or air trips. Sometimes, it can be difficult and rather impossible to find allergy doctor midway during a flight. So, make sure that you have are taking all the safety precautions when you are taking a flight.

In comparison to dogs, cats tend to trigger severe reactions and symptoms. Sometimes, people who only have a mild cat allergy may end up getting a running nose and feel itchy. At the same time, they may6 also experience swollen eyelids, itchy eyes, and congestion along with it.

Those however, who have severe symptoms may end up breaking out when they touch a cat or dog.

So when you are flying, it is extremely important to take the pet allergies very seriously. After all, you would not want to face a medical emergency in the middle of your flight. In this regard, a big number of people do not understand how bad pet allergies can be.

How to make your flights easy if you have a dog allergy?

In this article, we put together a number of tips that you can use to make your flights easier. These include:

Wipe things down in space

In case you have an allergy, tell your flight attendant and ask pre-boarding. Then, after getting on board, you can wipe down the entire area where you will be sitting using wet wipes. This would be the tray table, fabric seats, and the armrest. S

Sit far away from cats and dogs

Make sure that you are calling the airline on time and ask if somebody has a pet in the cabin. Make sure that you are seated as far away as you can from the pet. Otherwise, you may end up with severely itchy eyes in the middle of the flight. While proximity will help you in avoiding the allergens, it may not necessarily help at times.

Consider how lengthy the flight is

The longer you stay around an animal, the worse your allergic reaction would be. There are a number of rules in airlines, and they differ depending on the airline. For instance, some airlines limit the number of pets that can board a flight. Whereas other airlines may not allow more than one pet of a flight. In order to minimize your chances of exposure, try to book longer-haul flights that carry a lower limit of animals on board.

Put the medication under your seat

Always keep your medicines in very close proximity so that if an allergic reaction is triggered, you can use them on the go. This way, you will always have them at an arm’s distance. So rather than tucking they away, keep them under your seat or in front of you from where you can reach for them quickly. You may also want to pop a Benadryl before getting on a flight that may have pets on-board.

Conclusion

In case you are not able to avoid an allergic reaction mid-flight, you are in for a very difficult time. The nurses on the flight will not be able to help you much other than providing first-aid treatment. To be safe, get allergy testing Germantown beforehand so that you can find out if you are allergic to anything (in case you suspect). This way, you can take all the necessary precautions beforehand.